This report grades 16 Canadian federal government departments on their communication and media policies, finding:
- Government media policies do not support open and timely communication between scientists and journalists.
- Policies do not protect scientists’ right to free speech.
- Policies do not protect against political interference in science communication.
- Over 85% of departments assessed received a grade of C or lower.
- All but one department scored lower than the United States average in 2013.
- The Department of National Defence took the first place spot for open communication.
- The Canadian Space Agency, Public Works and Government Services, Industry Canada and Natural Resources Canada were tied for last place with failing grades.
Federal government scientists play an important role by providing expertise that Canadians and politicians rely on to ensure the safety of our food, air, water, and environment. However, in recent years, federal scientists have been reporting severe restrictions on their ability to communicate freely and openly. This report is the first to examine this serious issue from a policy perspective in Canada, as communications policies dictate how scientists are able to communicate with journalists and the public.
The report provides detailed report cards on each agency, breaking down scores into five key areas: Current and accessible communications policies, open and timely access to scientists, political interference, personal-views exceptions (rights to free speech), and dispute resolution/whistleblower protections. The report also compares Canadian department scores to those of U.S. agencies in 2008 and 2013 (graded by the Union of Concerned Scientists).
Based on these findings, the report issues recommendations for each individual department, as well as five key overall solutions for improving science communication policies. These include:
- Making media policies easily available online for scientists, journalists, and the public;
- Explicitly stating that scientists can speak freely about their research to facilitate clear and timely communication between scientists and journalists;
- Giving scientists the right to final review of media products that make substantial use of their work, in order to protect against political interference;
- Including a ‘personal-views exception’ allowing scientists to express their personal opinions professionally and respectfully; and
- Including provisions to protect whistleblowers and effectively resolve disputes.
The report cards for each agency are available here:
- National Research Council Canada
- Fisheries and Oceans Canada
- Health Canada and the Public Health Agency of Canada
- Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat
- Canadian Food Inspection Agency
- Environment Canada
- Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada
- Canadian Space Agency
- Public Works and Government Services Canada
- Industry Canada
- Natural Resources Canada
- Atomic Energy of Canada Limited
Note: The Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat policies were used to assess Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission, and Transport Canada due to the absence of media policies for these departments.